Last edited by Tojakree
Monday, January 27, 2020 | History

4 edition of Nok terracottas found in the catalog.

Nok terracottas

Bernard Fagg

Nok terracottas

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  • 20 Currently reading

Published by Published by Ethnographica for the National Museum, Lagos in London .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Terra-cotta sculpture, Nok.,
  • Nigeria -- Antiquities.

  • Edition Notes

    Includes bibliographical references.

    StatementBernard Fagg.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsNB1265 .F33 1977
    The Physical Object
    Pagination157 p., [32] p. of plates :
    Number of Pages157
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL19635837M
    ISBN 100905788982, 0905788931

    Although it was Benard Fagg an archeologist who originally began the collection of the Nok Terracotta heads discovered by tin miners in at the Nok site, when carbon-dated, these masterpieces made of clay were discovered to have been created around BC. Now, interest in Iron Age societies in Africa is surging as archaeologists contemplate a wide-open field that could hold essential insights into how technologies—especially iron—spread across continents. Archaelogical artifacts have been found in Nigeria, primarily to the north of the Niger-Benue River confluence and below the Jos escarpment. Terracotta sculptures and decorative pottery continued sporadically in farther-flung locations.

    The clay itself is finely worked to a resilient consistency and laced with gravel. With it they created figures depicting illness, warfare, love, and music. Like a number of other ancient African art, the heads of subjects are also enlarged in proportion to other parts of the body: this may signify these cultures believed in the superiority of a thinking mind and had a cerebral culture. Inside the cavity there is a round and deep hole or slit surrounded by a thin rim, which was previously interpreted as tongue, cowrie or female genital organ. The corpus of the new figurative terracottas not only enriches the stock of African artwork but evokes some anticipation of a new great culture, which has hitherto only found its expression in predominantly small works of art. The Post-Nok period shows a complete absence of Nok sculptures, a marked difference in pottery decoration and clay choices.

    In recently forested hillslopes, that would have led to the erosion of topsoil. The qualities of these artefacts, which were probably made in response to a court culture, also appear in other cultures and are not specific enough to function as pieces of evidence for the Komaland culture being a branch of the Inland Niger Delta culture. Despite the thematic variety, Nok terracotta has some characteristics that persist over hundreds of square miles and centuries of production. This would have decimated the populace and gradually with the wars, collapsed the empire as well.


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Nok terracottas book

This unsung Nigerian Nok terracottas book ferociously tried to protect the invaluable terracottas from being stolen. Ojedokun, Usman. From the north coast of Africa to Nigeria is not a great distance for the movement of a new technology. Ga or Akan might help us to prove and localize the original home of the Gan.

Farming of millet and trade with neighbors flourished. The brass and terracotta sculptures of the Ife and Benin cultures show significant similarities with those found at Nok, but what happened artistically in the years between the end of Nok and the rise of Ife is still a mystery.

Their terracottas are now some of the most iconic ancient objects from Africa. The court is presided over by the Chief Priest who sits on a high rock chair. He had an extensively large and fortified kingdom which included Babylon, Erech and city of Accad in Mesopotamia.

The Gan also have anthropomorphic, multi-headed figurines, which resemble the corresponding Komaland types in many respects. What has happened to us? The Discovery of Nok terracottas book Culture Inclay shards and a terracotta head were discovered during tin mining operations on the southern and western slopes of the Jos Plateau in Nigeria.

Also, parallel ritual activities by some groups within West Africa may provide clues as to its meaning Although it is quite possible that Kantonsi traders frequented Komaland, I also exclude such authorship because, during the heyday of terracotta production, these people whom Wilks calls "Old Muslims" had already accepted the Islamic faith.

The skull seems to have been placed facing the ground. Above: An excellent example of an ancestor portrait displayed in a carved and lacquered wood floor screen Stylistically, Nok sculpture places special emphasis upon the coiffures and adornment that must have been relevant to the people at the time of creation.

More substantial arguments supporting the suggestion that the Bulsa are culturally related to the creators of the terracottas can be derived from the metal artefacts excavated in Yikpabongo by Anquandah.

Another Nok terra-cotta figure The men of Nok culture engaged in both iron smelting and making of terra-cotta sculptures of great power and originally by 15thCentury B. Inat the time the Barbarians entered and sacked it and left it in ruins, no one coming from Asia then would have believed it was the capital of a Kingdom not to talk of being the capital of one of the greatest empires the world had known.

The medium-distance trade network supplied the communities with stone tools or the raw materials for making the tools. The Creators of the Komaland Terracottas Northern Ghana Introduction: Historical Significance, Discovery and Scientific Investigations The discovery of the so-called Komaland terracottas has enriched African art history by adding thousands of small pieces of art and enhanced West African history in general by providing many new insights, although any attempted integration into a known historical context still has a largely hypothetical character.

This one may represent a deity, an ancestor, or be a portrait. As a result of his research, Breunig has been able to isolate a moment in time when iron and stone implements coexisted. None of the different migration reports mentions the Gan staying in the location of the Komaland culture.

Pottery styles for the Early Nok are called Puntun Dutse pottery, which has clear similarities to later styles, including very fine comb-drawn lines in horizontal, wavy, and spiral patterns, as well as rocker comb impressions and cross-hatching.

The earliest instances of iron working in Africa thus far discovered occurred in Egaro, Niger and date back to as early as 2, BC; furnaces have been found at Taruga in Nigeria which date to back to BC.

Such instruments and objects of Nok culture people include terra-cotta monkeys, terra-cotta bowls, bronze bracelets, stone bracelets, grinding stones, stone axes, stone and tin lips, quartz-stone beads, and nose plugs, iron tools and carved wooden figures etc.

It is a testament to the technical ability of these ancient potters that these objects have survived for thousands of years; however, this is not to suggest the patina of the pottery has not changed over the course of time.The shape of Nok figurines can be greatly diverse even within a single excavation site.

Gillon describes in his book A Shot History of African Art that, heads are round or oblong while others range from organic to geometric, and the explanation for this is not clear.

It is speculated that the different shapes of figurines could indicate a.

Nok Art Was Early Sculptural Pottery in West Africa

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Let’s get started! Most Nok terra cotta sculpture is hollow and built like coiled pottery. The clay itself is finely worked to a resilient consistency and laced with gravel. One can almost think of it like cement, which was invented when gravel was mixed with sand.

Nok Terracottas by Bernard Fagg Published by Ethnographica Ltd ISBNISBN: X Nok Terracottas (Updated) by Bernar d Fag g, Angela Fag g Hardcover, Pages, Published by Ethnographica Ltd ISBNISBN: and Late –1 BC.

The terracottas for which the Nok Culture is most well known are associated with the Middle phase, and it is at this time too that iron working appears.

The post-Nok sites (for which there are also TL dates) are characterised by a different pottery style and. Although Nok terracottas continue to be unearthed, no organized excavations have been undertaken and little is known about the culture that produced these sculptures.

Seated Figure, terracotta, 13th century, Mali, Inland Niger Delta region, Djenné peoples, 25/4 x cm (The Metropolitan Museum of Art).